Architecture vs. Extremism slideshow

Burkina Faso Central Market, Koudougou, Burkina Faso, 2005 (Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Laurent Séchaud, and Pierre Jéquier) Located in the capital of the West African republic of Burkina Faso (formerly known as Upper Volta), the central market reveals the full potential of a humble building material. Blocks of compressed earth were used to form domes, vaults, and arches that ennoble the civic space.

The Aga Khan (center) joins Afghan president Hamid Karzai (left) and Abdul Rasul Sayyaf (right), a Pashtun warlord turned Afghan legislator, in praying at the funeral of Mohammed Zahir Shah-Afghanistan's last king-in July 2007. Above right: the jury and steering committee for the 2004-2007 cycle, which include Hani Rashid, Billie Tsien, and Brigitte Shim.

The Aga Khan (center) joins Afghan president Hamid Karzai (left) and Abdul Rasul Sayyaf (right), a Pashtun warlord turned Afghan legislator, in praying at the funeral of Mohammed Zahir Shah-Afghanistan's last king-in July 2007. Above right: the jury and steering committee for the 2004-2007 cycle, which include Hani Rashid, Billie Tsien, and Brigitte Shim.

Singapore Moulmein Rise Residential Tower, Singapore, 2003 (Wong Mun Summ and Richard Hassell, WOHA Architects) The tower borrows the vernacular monsoon window and uses other low-energy strategies to maximize air circulation.

Yemen Rehabilitation of the City of Shibam, Wadi Hadhramaut, Yemen, 2005, new phase ongoing (GTZ Technical Office and GOPHCY) The Shibam Urban Development Project has renovated nearly 200 houses in this historic cluster of mud-brick high-rises.

Lebanon Samir Kassir Square, Beirut, Lebanon, 2004 (Vladimir Djurovic Landscape Architecture) In this square in downtown Beirut, two old ficus trees and a reflective pool form a shady retreat. The jury praised Djurovic's "economy of elements and language."

Yemen Restoration of the Amiriya Complex, Rada, Yemen, 2005 (Selma Al-Radi and Yahya Al-Nasiri, conservators) More than 500 craftsmen were employed to restore the early 16th century complex, which had been in disrepair for many years.

Malaysia University of Technology Petronas, Bandar Seri Iskandar, Malaysia, 2004 (Foster Partners and GDP Architects) A canopy winds around the forested campus with boxes inserted beneath it, a "reinterpretation of the classical metaphor for tropical architecture-an umbrella," the jury citation notes.

Ethiopia Royal Netherlands Embassy, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2005 (Dick van Gameren and Bjarne Mastenbroek) The concrete of the long, low main embassy building is pigmented red to allude to the historic rock-hewn buildings of Ethiopia.

Bangladesh School in Rudrapur, Dinajpur, Bangladesh, 2005 (Anna Heringer and Eike Roswag) Hand-built in four months, the two-story primary school combines earthbound materials like loam and straw with bamboo sticks and nylon lashing.

Cyprus Rehabilitation of the Walled City, Nicosia, Cyprus, ongoing (Nicosia Master Plan Team) Since 1989, the Nicosia Master Plan has brought together the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities to regenerate the historic core of the city.

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