Out along the Atlantic coast east of New York City, off the south shore of Long Island, beyond the reach of the suburbs and the exurbs and not quite yet at the Hamptons, you can find one of the country’s truly special places. Fire Island is a collection of a few dozen settlements—some still little more than camps, some almost now becoming real towns—dotted out for 30 miles along the pine-covered dunes of the barrier island. There is no access by car except for the few that crawl over from time to time along the beach from Robert Moses State Park (his plan for a highway through the island was never realized), and in most towns the thoroughfares are no more than graying wooden boardwalks, along which residents tote their supplies home in little wagons from the ferry docks.
Not unlike some other East Coast islands—Martha’s Vineyard, for example, where every one of the little villages has a unique personality—Fire Island is a collection of very different places: shingly, family-oriented Saltaire; the almost-hopping, almost-downtown Ocean Beach; the exclusive Point O’ Woods; honky-tonk Ocean Bay Park. And then there’s the Pines: The woodsy, beachy getaway that is New York’s gay capital of summertime leisure-by-the-sea. Elegant by day, devil-may-care by night.
Fire Island as a whole is a vulnerable place, little more than a sandbar really, and from time to time hurricanes and winter storms will punch through the few hundred yards between the ocean and the bay. Because she made landfall just to the west, last year’s Superstorm Sandy did not entirely wash away Fire Island, though it did significant damage. But about a year before, there was another disaster—an off-season fire that gutted the old Pavilion nightclub that was the beating heart of life in the Pines, and one of the liveliest spots on the island.
“It could have been a lot worse,” says Matthias Hollwich, partner at New York firm HWKN and chief designer of the new building that has risen up from the ashes. “If the wind had been blowing the other way, they could have lost the whole town.”
When you arrive at the little harbor at the Pines after a half-hour trip across the Great South Bay, what you see are some houses—surprisingly modern (many designed by the likes of Horace Gifford, Arthur Erickson, Harry Bates, and Andrew Geller); some boats (among them on the day I visited was a 40-foot sloop called, unforgivably, “Untidaled”); one short five-building row of shops and hotels; and at the end of the line, at the head of the harbor where the ferry docks, the Fire Island Pines Pavilion.
It’s the heart of the town, with its club and bars and shops, and the focus of after-hours revelry that starts early on summer weekend nights. “It had to be iconic as a program,” HWKN’s other founding partner, Marc Kushner, AIA, says. The fabled “high tea”—a weekly dance party, cousin to the “low” and “middle” teas held elsewhere down the strip—had for years taken place on the old Pavilion’s second-story deck, overlooking the harbor and the town. When it burned, in November 2011, that beloved ritual was interrupted. There was enormous pressure to bring the building right back. And to bring it back right. And that meant a lot of very interested parties—including the owners of each of the Pines’ 700 homes.
“It’s a very difficult assignment, in a way,” says developer Matthew Blesso, one of the property’s owners and operators, about the marching orders he gave his architects. “There’s no program for: How do you design a gay nightclub at a seasonal gay beach community? It’s not like you can look elsewhere and see how it has been done. The Pines is not Mykonos. It’s not South Beach.”
The community took the result of the fire as an opportunity to rethink the commercial strip, engaging Diller Scofidio + Renfro to design a master plan. The new Pavilion, which opened in time for this summer season, is a lynchpin, and looking at the structure that HWKN raised at the end of the harbor, there is no doubt that it is pure Pines: elegant, bold, and a little rough around the edges.
The takeaway from the community’s commentary, heard directly at several public meetings, Hollwich says, was that the previous building—a typical clapboard seaside shack—was “too neutral, too generic.” The residents wanted the new building to be “supercharged,” he says. Music to the ears, no doubt, of an architect at an emergent New York firm (designers of the epically successful spiky blue folly named “Wendy,” the 2012 installment of the MoMA/P.S.1’s Young Architects Program) who spent four years working in Rotterdam at OMA.
And there is something of Rem in the Pavilion, an attitude toward the frank disposition of materials—in this case, cedar, everywhere—that, like the spaces at OMA’s Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) Student Center in Chicago, still manages to border on the effete. And then there’s the countervailing bold gesture, as in the train tube at IIT. In the Pavilion, this takes the form of an exaggerated, not-quite-structural trestle across the front of the simply supported, two-story structure. The Parallam beams are dexterously exposed throughout, as are the cedar joists (on only 15-inch centers to better fit the controlling dimensions). And the beautiful railings rendered—temporarily, alas, until the steel subcontractor delivers that final touch—in OSB, God’s very own favorite sheet material, of course, but not quite the thing for a building left out to weather by the sea.
And the building is already weathering, as planned, toward the stone gray that will fit it even better into the ocean-beaten context of the town. The building is well thought-out for its purpose, from the clever steps and walkways leading from the board-paved plaza where the ferry lands, to some of the most elegant public bathrooms imaginable (gender-non-specific and cheekily free of mirrors), all the way up to the operable skylight in the top-floor dance hall that makes it a very pleasant place to be, even during the day. The building works. But it is the delicate disposition of its almost-brutal materiality, that bold new face for the Pines, that makes it a true success: It gives Fire Islanders once again a proper place to dance away the night. The feel of the building, its elegance, its boldness, and its roughness, more than any single decision or detail, is what makes it so right.
“Historically, you have a group of men who have two lives,” Blesso explains. “Life in the city, then life in the Pines. There’s a freedom for people to really be themselves in a way maybe they can’t be elsewhere. It’s a place where people can really express themselves—and you see that architecturally as well. It’s normal there to go over the top a little and be a little flamboyant. But at the same time it’s a really casual place.
“We needed architecture that really embodied both of those things: It needed to be warm, but also strong. And I think the design is very masculine. Which is fitting.”
Project Fire Island Pines Pavilion, Fire Island Pines, N.Y.
Client FIP Ventures
Architect Hollwich Kushner (HWKN), New York
Mechanical Engineer Buro Happold Consulting Engineers
Structural Engineer Experion Design Group
Electrical Engineer Buro Happold Consulting Engineers
General Contractor Ross Brothers Construction
Developer Blesso Properties
Foundation Contractor Chesterfield Associates
I.T. Contractor Innovative Sensory Technologies
A/V Consultant DNA Lighting & Sound
Size 8,000 square feet
Cost Withheld Material and Sources
Ceilings Exposed structural framing
Exterior Wall Systems Western Red Cedar siding; James Hardie jameshardie.com
Flooring Treated lumber decking; engineered hardwood flooring
HVAC Trane trane.com; Daikin www.daikin.com
Metal Custom galvanized and stainless steel
Paints and Finishes Benjamin Moore & Co. benjaminmoore.com
Plumbing and Water System Kohler kohler.com
Structural System Wood framing
Wallcoverings Custom cedar paneling
Walls Wood framing; concrete masonry units